‘Expect madness’: the 2016 Australian election- the Guardian briefing

Australian politics can seem pretty weird from afar, and worse up close. Heres a handy template to an upcoming election that doesnt concern Donald Trump( hitherto)

Australia may be rather far away from the rest of the world, but its politicians have an eerie knack of constructing international headlines. Whether its the deputy prime minister threatening to put down Johnny Depps bird-dogs, a prime-ministerial body count that rivals Game of Thrones or stealing political slogans from imaginary TV depicts such as Veep, politics in Australia can seem bizarre from afar. Or even up close.

Threatening to kill puppies is going to be the tip of the iceberg in this campaign, following “ministers ” Malcolm Turnbulls decision to terminate both houses of the Australian assembly for a two-month election campaign with a poll year of 2 July. Expect more madness, more stupidity, occasional furry swine and maybe exactly a little of policy. Heres all you need to know about Australias large-scale date.

How do elections work in Australia and whats at bet ?

Australia has a parliamentary electoral system with two houses of parliament based in Canberra.( There are also state and local governments, but they have polls at different times .) The lower residence is known as the House of Congressman and has 150 MPs. The federal government is formed on the basis of who holds the majority of accommodates in the lower house, so thats the biggest battleground.

Australia also has an upper mansion “ve called the” Senate, which same to other parliamentary organisations renders a kind of check on terms of reference of the governmental forces, and is also essential pass legislation before it can be made law.

There has always been a slightly prickly relationship between governments and the Senate because of this. Paul Keating, a former Labor prime minister, famously announced it the house of unrepresentative swill. This referendum is going to be particularly significant because both the Senate and the House of Representative will be up for grabs, shedding all sits in authority wide open.

Australia is also still a constitutional empire, with Queen Elizabeth II the head of state. The governor general, Sir Peter Cosgrove, the Queens representative, formally terminated parliament on Monday. In actuality though, Australia determines itself and the prime minister effectively governs the country along with an executive cabinet handpicked from members of the legislative council. Its not a presidential system, so there isnt a separate election to choose the ruler; who becomes prime minister is decided by the party that organizes government.

There are two major political parties; the Liberal party, which is the republican party. Its part of a alliance with the Nationals party, which has subsidize in areas of urban Australia.

Then theres the Labor party, which is considered to be the more progressive party, and has its roots in the labour change in Australia.

The Australian Greens also has growing representation, with one seat in the House of Representatives and 10 in the Senate. There are also a handful of independents in the mix.

The most recent polling data analysed by Guardian Australia says the Coalition government would be more likely to acquire such elections if it was held right now, but Labor is ahead in many recent surveys.

Wasnt there an electoral most recently?

Well, yes. In 2013, the Liberals returned to power after six years, knocking out a Labor party which got one “ministers “( Kevin Rudd) elected, then supplanted him in an overnight party takeover with Julia Gillard, then changed its judgment again and went back to Rudd. The Liberal , not to be outdone, triumphed in 2013 under Tony Abbott, and then kicked him out last year and supplanted him with Turnbull in a party takeover known colloquially as a spill.

Tony Abbott went past Julia Gillard during question time in the House of Congresswoman in 2013. Image: Lukas Coch/ AAP

Australia has elections to decide the cabinet of ministers every three years as a matter of course, which is already more frequent than other countries such as Britain and Canada. But the prime minister has forced this election even earlier. This election in Australia is going to be extremely peculiar because its whats known as a doubled separation.

What this makes is that both houses of parliament the lower house and the upper house have been completely dissolved. Usually the upper mansion only has half polls, with senators elected for six-year terms.

Turnbull has taken a gamble to do this, but its one who are able to pay off extremely well. Over the past three years there has failed to pass a series of key budget and policy measures, which have been blocked largely by a small group of independent senators. These senators wander from a libertarian who wants to relax Australias internationally praised gun control laws, a former army patrolman who wants the magnificent mufti of Australia to wear an ankle monitor, to a automobile admirer who was captured on video mid skirmish in a kangaroo poo fight.